Pencils: Well, first try to play with your pencils. I reccomand buying a set of common 10 pencils that differin range of value. Try every pencil and find out that the ones with the letter H is hard making soft light color, and the ones with B is soft making darker color. Hb is the only pencil without a number. This is the most common one to buy and write with. We can look like the Hb as the number 0. From there you can think of a thermometer. The letter H an B is counted as 1 in both directions. From there the numbers goes up like this: 6h 4h 2h H F Hb B b2 b4 b6
For every higher number in the B`s, the softness goes up and the color gets darker. The opposite happens with the H, where it gets harder and lighter as the numbers increases.
Values: It`s good to take breaks and come back to see the drawing with a fresh eye. Sometimes it`s easy to go "blind" while shading and applying to dark or to soft. Shading is a technique of varying the tonal values on the paper to create a two-dimensional drawing. To make a realistic picture you have to practuse tonal values and try to find the correct one from what you see to what you draw. Shading techniques can have a more abstract texture by using hatching and stippling. Different texture can help a drawing to appear more realistic when it`s drawn next to a contrasting texture. If, for example, for skin and hair you can draw tones and values with a fine pencil with caution in the face to reveal a soft skin. The hair can be textured with a soft pencil using hatching to show that the surfaces are of different materials. Play around with different techniques and find a way of drawing that helps increasing skills.
Draw lines and circels: Get to know your craft! Everything in a drawing is buildt up by lines and sircles that makes forms. By using different techniques. As a beginner it`s enough to grasp just making simple forms and making dem into 3D. Get a basic knowledge of forms and shapes by drawing things around you. After a while, use the hatching practise to make shadows and strengthen a 3D effect. Don`t use too much time and effort in making the right values yes, consentrate about simple forms and add several details to items as improvements evolves.
Still life: The best way is to set up a still life from things around you. Many people find this boring to do, but it is very usefull as a step in learning to draw. Take care of the drawings made, because it can be motivating to see the progress after a while. When drawing a still life, configure a few different designs on a table and try to draw it as realistic as possible. It may be advisable to set up a scene with different surfaces such as an apple, a bowl, a pitcher and let it stand on a table. In this way, one has several issues in an image and can work with different surfaces. Start with simple things and get an hold on this before trying objects that has a lot of details. Things like a glass or bowl is difficult because they can be transparent and have several reflections in them. Keep it simple in the beginning. Draw the forms first and add elements in the structure with a simple outline. When you`re satisfied with the contours, add some details within the main structures. Don `t start any shading before the structures and composition is done on the paper. Start with covering the dark areas and add middle-tones later. The more practice one gets to draw objects and constantly strive to correct the details, the more sharper the perception of own work gets. With still life composition also comes into play. As you put more things in an image, try setting up a composition that works well. The size of each object must be seen in relation to other objects. If you`re eager to try out a more advanced perspective, try to draw a street with buildings on both sides;)
Think about time: A lot of my student friends in the past complained about having bad patience. There are ofcourse ways to draw a face or anything with techniques that are less time consuming. What you have to ask yourself is how good you want to be. If you really want to learn drawing, it will take time. In almost everything in life you have to practise to be good at something. For example; It`s easy to imagine that a professional football player had to practise a lot to be in the best league. Same as a lawyer has to go through several years of school to educate themselves and learn about their profession. Drawing is like this. You need to practise like football to be good and you need to study the theory of art to learn how to get better. By thinking that you will use 10 hours on a portrait instead of 2, you will have more time to details and have time to correct errors. Let others evaluate your drawing to see something you don`t about the lines or shading.
Perspective: - is important too get a drawing that fills a three-dimensional space. One technique that has helped me a lot is understanding horizon, eye level and vanishing point. Just to make a simple square can be a challenge in a picture consisting of several details. If there are 10 squares in a picture and three of them are with wrong perspective, it will not look real. When for example making a landscape motive, every step above can be used. Find out a composition that`s interesting or bring technical challenges. Start with simple lines and forms to get an hold of proportions. Add shading with hatching, stippling and carefully build up the picture.
As you develop the ability to understand what you the perspective will straighten up in the drawings. Visually, there are several optical illusions that will make it difficult to understand what too draw. If an object like a hammer is held right up, you can see the size of the object. But if it`s 5 meters away on the ground it will have different proportions.
The human body: For a beginner it is enough to learn the proportions and angles. Start with very basic tracing the outline easily with simple lines. It is not necessary to fill in all the details. Simplification in itself is a valuable way to learn. Drawing a human figure is more complicated than one can first imagine ! It`s helpful to first represent the form of the figure with a set of primitive shapes. cube, sphere, cylinder, and cone. Within a figure one can find shapes like a cube, sphere, cylinder, and cone. The understanding of how to build a figure can be easier by using theese shapes. Simple shapes can be refined to more advanced sketches and then final drawings.
Find a subject on the internet or get famous for hill tio up as a model. Set a timer for anywhere from 30 seconds to 30 minutes and start with small sketches in various positions. Get used to seeing the whole shape.
Internet can be a good help if you want to draw portraits. Find photos of many faces and start with the outline. Begin to fill in the details of the face, and add simple shading. While improving, choose models that have distinct facial expressions. Practice gradually to capture the correct denomination from model to drawing. Notice the light sources and denominations affected.
Get inspired: Don`t loose your confidence while drawing. One of the hardest things to draw is humans ans animals. I learned drawing faces by copying posters from magazines. Before there was a lot harder to get good at technical drawing because the information was in books and within the artists themselves. People had to live with the artists and learn while watching them work. Sometimes they even had to finish the work of the artist without getting the credit for it. The knowledge of realistic art has been down for several centuries but are now on the way up again thanks to the internet and ARA approved schools. The internet is also a great medium to get inspired. Artists are putting up homepages og distributes their art for the viewer to see. Search the internet to see what others have done and get inspired to find your own style and field to practise on.